Quilt Blocks: Easy Math Part 4

We’ve been going over some basic quilty math and we’re up to Part 4.

Don’t let “math” scare you away. I’ve broken it down so it’s easy to understand. In case you want to review the earlier material, check these out:

Part 1

Part 2
mgblock4 Quilt Blocks: Easy Math Part 4

Part 3
mgblock6 Quilt Blocks: Easy Math Part 4


We’ve seen how helpful it is to think of a block in sections or columns.

blockbonanza3 Quilt Blocks: Easy Math Part 4

This block is divided into four sections or columns. If you know it’s a 12″ block, you can determine the width of each section like this:

12″ ÷ 4 = 3″

Each section finishes at 3 inches wide. But I said we’d talk about that center blue patch. It’s bigger than one section, OH NO! icon smile Quilt Blocks: Easy Math Part 4 Not to worry—we can figure it out. We know that each section is 3″. The blue patch covers 2 sections. So we figure it like this:

3″ x 2 = 6″

That blue center patch finishes at 6″ square. Add .5″ for seam allowances and you know to cut the blue center patch 6.5″ x 6.5″. Easy as pie—and way fewer calories.


mgblock8 Quilt Blocks: Easy Math Part 4

The next thing I want to mention is half-square triangles. Earlier in the series we talked about the 7/8″ rule: For half-square triangles (also called triangle-squares), you take the finished size and add 7/8″, then cut in half diagonally.


math1 Quilt Blocks: Easy Math Part 4

If the block above was a 15″ block, you’d know that 15″ divided by 5 sections makes each section 3″ wide. So you want that half-square triangle (outlined in black) to finish at 3″. Add 7/8″ and you know to cut squares 3 7/8″, cut them in half diagonally and sew them together (with a patch of the same size in a different color, as shown), and you’ll get a square that’s 3.5″, to finish at 3″.

But sometimes sewing across that wobbly bias is troublesome, right? The good news is that there are other ways to do it.

math2 Quilt Blocks: Easy Math Part 4

The simplest variation is to cut squares from two different fabrics, both 3 7/8″ x 3 7/8″. On the wrong side of the fabric, draw a diagonal line across one of the squares.

presserfoot1 Quilt Blocks: Easy Math Part 4

The stitching 1/4″ out from one side of the drawn line is complete. The stitching on the other side is being sewn.

Place the squares right sides together. Sew 1/4″ out from the drawn line on each side as shown in the photo above. Cut on the drawn line and press the triangle-squares open. This yields 2 triangle-squares.


hsts2 Quilt Blocks: Easy Math Part 4

Cut on the marked line with a rotary cutter or a scissors.

When you press these open, you’ll see that the little triangle tips, or “dog-ears” are there. Most people trim them off.


hsts3 Quilt Blocks: Easy Math Part 4

The little triangular “dog-ears” may be trimmed off.


Some people prefer a different approach. They choose to cut their squares a bit larger and then trim the triangle-squares down. Creative Editor Carolyn Beam prefers this method. For 3″ finished, Carolyn would just cut 4″ squares and make her HSTs (that’s quiltspeak for Half-Square Triangles). After pressing the HSTs  open, she trims them to 3 1/2″.

882670179 Quilt Blocks: Easy Math Part 4
One of my favorite tools is the Easy Angle ruler. Instead of adding 7/8″ to the finished size, you add 1/2″ to the finished size. In our example, you’d cut 3 1/2″ strips and then use the Easy Angle to cut the triangles from these strips, as shown below. It’s a very simple concept and the ruler is easy to use. See Simplicity’s instructions for the Easy Angle. Bonnie Hunter of Quiltville fame is a big fan of the Easy Angle. (See Bonnie use it on My Blue Heaven.)

rotary1 Quilt Blocks: Easy Math Part 4

Using the Easy Angle ruler to cut HSTs from strips; notice that the top set of dog-ears isn’t there.

Look at the photo below. Inside the black box I’ve drawn, you’ll see that there are no dog-ears. With the Easy Angle, you don’t have to allow for those little dog-ears, also called “bunny ears” or triangle tips.

detaildogears Quilt Blocks: Easy Math Part 4

No dog-ears!

They amount to a difference of 3/8″—which is the difference between 3 1/2″ (the size for Easy Angle) and 3 7/8″ (the size for other methods). Even if this is clear as mud, do give the Easy Angle ruler a try. It’s inexpensive and I think you’ll like it.

Part 5 soon to come!

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